Overhead pressing is a key part of any good training program.
If you want strong, healthy shoulders you should be working the press hard at least once a week. That alone will make a huge difference in your performance.
Here are a 4 things that have helped me get better at going overhead.
1. Tight is right.
This tip will improve your lifting immediately.
When holding the weight support it not only on your delts, but also squeeze it with your lats. This is the same feeling you should have while benching.
Think about engaging your back muscles by externally rotating your shoulders. This little bit of extra support with give you more stability through your midsection. The tighter that area gets the more force you will transfer overhead.
Speaking of tight, don’t forget your ass! Pinch a penny with those cheeks and you’ll press more immediately.
2. Use the push press to build the press.
I do push press for about 90% of my overhead work. It’s works very well for me.
I do, however, perform all my assistance work and warm-up sets strict. I like making those pressing muscles fatigue a bit before I start using my legs. That increased the efficiency of my training.
Once you start doing the push press, think about snapping that weight up fast and aggressively. This movement needs to be violent. Also, make sure to drive all the way through to the top of the lift.
If you don’t explode from start to finish you’ll miss the full training effect.
The Push Press is an amazing way to build shoulder strength.
3. Learn to get your head through.
People make this mistake all the time. As soon as the barbell clears your face you have to push your head forward. This will bring you underneath the load, which is the easiest way to lift it.
Being directly under the weight directly gives you clear a mechanical advantage. You must do it in order to train effectively and safely.
If you have to lean backwards to press I recommend that you stop and work on your thoracic spine and shoulder mobility instead. You can’t fight physics. Sooner or later you’re going to injure yourself.
4. Do your assistance work!
You have to press heavy barbells to get stronger, but this alone won’t maximize your performance. Assistance movements will help you fix weaknesses and build your strength skill more rapidly.
Here are a few of my favorite exercises:
- Snatch-grip press: Stay light and hit 3-5 sets of 10 repetitions. Pull your shoulder blades together and drive the weight up from behind the head.
- Pull-ups: This is one of the most awesome assistance exercises ever. Think of them as the opposite to the press – a vertical pull. Try adding these after your pressing work for 3-5 sets of 10 strict reps. I love using multiple grips. Use a band or scale as required.
- Close-grip bench: Bench pressing with a close-grip requires more work from the triceps. These muscles take over at the top of your press and help you finish the lift weight, so the stronger you can make them, the better.
- Z-Press: This exercise is named after Žydrūnas Savickas, one of the strongest man of all time. You will sit down to press, but not on a bench. Instead, you do the press on the floor with your legs splayed out in front of you. This forces you to engage your midsection more. Let me tell you, if you feel strong now this exercise will humble you. About 3-5 sets of 10 with a light weight is plenty to start with.
Don’t miss Matt’s Drifta Lifta interview with the leopard himself, Kelly Starrett.
During my strength blocks I hit the push press hard for 5 weeks, then I take a break and unload.
I recommend that you use your training max for all percentages (your current max x 90%). Using a conservative number will you hitting every rep of the training block. Don’t let your stupid ego and a number get in the way of progress. Repeated success is a hell of a thing.
One final note: You should be able to easily pair this training with your other strength skill and conditioning work. The volume is pretty reasonable.
If you need to bring your pressing strength up, get to work!
- Wk 1 – 5 sets x 5 reps @ 85% of training max
- Wk 2 – 5 sets x 5 reps @ 90%
- Wk 3 – 5 sets x 3+ reps @ 95% (last set go for max reps)
- Wk 4 – 5 sets x 1+ reps @ 100% (last set go for max reps)
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After the pressing work make sure to perform 2-3 assistance movements. Just make sure to keep those movements light and strict. This will get your press moving quickly.